It is not an easy thing to put together the history of Italy since its location is at the center of trading routes. This means that it has a tumultuous and lengthy history.
The Roman Empire
Rome was founded Remus and Romulus in the heart of Etruscan Italy. Centuries later, some expanded its terms of territories hence was named later as the Roman Empire. It is the Romans who gave the name ‘Italia’ to the Italian peninsula. There were also states that were taken as part of the Cisalpine Gaul; a Roman province. Italia grew well under the Roman Empire that came to an end in the 476 AD where Emperor Augustus died. Later, the Italian peninsula was divided into different kingdoms.
The middle ages
The history of Italy during the Middle Ages starts with various invasions. The Ostrogoth, which was Germanic tribe from the east, conquered the Italian peninsula. Particularly, it led to the gothic war that made some Germanic tribes establish a kingdom in the north side of Italy. By the end of the 11th century, most of the worst invasions had come to an end and trade started to flourish for another time. Four cities in Italy-Pisa, Genoa, Venice, and Amalfi- grew into major political and commercial powers. In the 12th century, some Italian cities campaigned for autonomy under the rule of the Holy Roman Empire, and this resulted in Italy having republics, kingdoms, and city-states.
France invaded Italy from the north, and the result was the collapsing of the city-states. Later, Germany and Spain also attacked Rome in 1527. Later Spain had control over some cities in Italy including Milan, Naples, and Sardinia and dominated some of the rulers in the Genoa and other smaller states. Napoleonic France was defeated in 1814, and a congress in Vienna had divided into parts that were under foreign rule. Some of the states under foreign rule were Modena, Tuscany, and Parma which were under Habsburg. States like Genoa were independent France ruled Naples and Sicily.
The process of Risorgimento was complex, but it finally unified the several states of the Italian peninsula what we have as modern Italy. It was a movement that started in 1815 since there was increased resentments over the domination of Austria on the peninsula. Giuseppe Garibaldi and Mazzini were the two prominent figures that were in the unification. This was a period that was marked by the exile of leaders like Mazzini in France then England later. They had tried a series of uprisings in Italy that were unsuccessful. In the end, Garibaldi managed to make it work.
Present day Italy
After the unification, Italy has experienced some events that saw a large exodus of most people. There were also the disastrous consequences of the first and the second world wars. However, the country has done a lot over the last sixty years which have put it in a great position in the world’s activities. It is a major cultural and social player in the affairs of the world. Upcoming article will talk about easy and delicious lasagna recipe.